We looked at the hard evidence to see if tea tree oil or its derivatives were effective as a natural mosquito repellent and/or mosquito killer.
Summary of Scientific Research
Tea tree oil (also known as melaleuca oil) derives from the tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia, an endemic foliage found throughout Australia. The tree itself primarily grows in swampy areas or beside streams, after which point its leaves are harvested and processed to create tea tree oil. This oil is used in a variety of cosmetic and folk medicinal products, included some which claim to include mosquito repellant properties.
In additional, tea tree oil is claimed to be effective in treating a variety of skin-based afflictions, with everything from dandruff and lice to acne and athlete’s foot included. Generally speaking, research to back up any of these claims is preliminary at best and not broadly accepted due to differences in methodology and concentrations of active ingredients.
One 2016 study, for example, found tea tree extracts to contain insecticide and repellant qualities, likely due to a compound, 1,8-cineole, found at low concentrations of its essential oil form. This same study further found tea tree oil to have toxic effects on certain species of beetles and ants, pointing to its potential potency (1).
As for its other medicinal uses, the Mayo Clinic does not currently recognize research on these folk medicinal uses to be conclusive (2).
Tea tree oil has a fairly storied history when it comes to practical uses, making it obvious why this essential oil, in particular, would gain attention as a natural mosquito repellant alternative. However, with just a study or two to its name, it is challenging to fully endorse it for regular use. That being said, the preliminary research into using tea tree oil as a mosquito repellant is promising, leaving open room for more follow-up studies on this specific topic.
Safety must also be addressed with regards to tea tree oil. The Mayo Clinic has found tea tree oil (and its derivatives) to be safe for dermal use, though some risk for irritation is apparent. However, tea tree oil should never be ingested because it is toxic to humans (2).
Tea Tree Oil Forms and Where to Get it
- Tea Tree plants – As noted, tea tree oil derives from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, which is in fact a tree as this product’s name suggests. This tree is native to Australia and favors swamp-like conditions, making it difficult to grow one’s own tea tree oil source at home.
- Essential oil – This product’s essential oil form is certainly among the most common sold to average consumers, including online. This oil is often applied to the skin alone, though this does carry some risk for irritation and dermatitis. Any suggestion that this essential oil is safe for ingestion should be disregarded, though, because tea tree oil has been found to cause confusion and weakened muscle control when consumed (even in very low concentrations).
2 – The Mayo Clinic. Tea tree oil. https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements-tea-tree-oil/art-20364246
Other Essential Oils as Mosquito Repellents
Checkout our analysis of other essential oils as natural mosquito repellents: